|Energy Work Power|
|Properties Of Matter|
|Heat Temperature And Thermal Expansion|
|--Magnetic Flux and Magnetic Permiability|
|--Magnetic Field of Earth|
|--Magnetic Effect of Current|
|--Magnetic Field Around Circular Wire|
|--Magnetic Field Around Solenoid|
|--Force Acting on Moving Particle and Current Carrying Wire|
|Exams and Problem Solutions|
Transformers are devices used for changing the potential of alternating currents. Structure of simple transformer is given below;
Voltage is applied to primary coil and, we take transformed voltage from secondary coil. There are two types of transformer, step up and step down. We use step down transformers in electrical devices like radio, and step up transformers in welding machine.
Step Up Transformer
This type of transformer used for increase the incident voltage. Number of turns in secondary coil is larger than the number of turns in primary coil.
Step Down Transformer
This type of transformer used for decrease incident voltage. Number of turns in primary coil is larger than the number of turns in secondary coil.
Vp is the potential, Ip is the current, Np is the turn on the primary coil and Vs is the potential, Is is the current, Ns is the turn on the secondary coil. We use following equations to find potential, current or number of turns of any coil;